You may be wondering, is that a spelling mistake? It’s CBD, not CBG, right? Well, actually, there is more than just CBD in the world. CBG, short for cannabigerol, is becoming more popular with each passing day. It is known for containing anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-bacterial properties. Additionally, it has yet to get the recognition that CBD and THC have gotten in recent years, but that could be changing.
Eventually, CBG will come to the spotlight with CBD and THC- Just you wait.
What is CBG?
As previously mentioned, CBG, short for cannabigerol, is a minor cannabinoid. It is produced when the cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) molecule is exposed to heat or UV rays. Even though CBG, THC, and CBD are all relatives chemicals wise, CBG is not as common as THC and CBD.
How It’s Made
CBG (Cannabigerol) is made in low amounts of most cannabis strains. Scientists in the marijuana and CBD industry considered it to be a minor cannabinoid. The hemp plant produces CBGA (cannabigerolic acid) which is a predecessor to CBDA (cannabidiolic acid), CBCA (cannabichromenic acid), and THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid). Throughout a cannabis plant’s lifetime, natural enzymes convert CBGA into CBDA, THCA, and CBCA, which are the acid forms of CBD, THC, and CBC. After these forms, the remaining small amount of CBGA in the plants becomes CBG.
To put it in simpler terms, CBD and THC would not exist without CBGA (CBD). A large portion of the CBGA converts CBDA and THCA earlier in the process, meaning that very little CBGA remains for the formation of CBG. It explains why cannabigerol has lower given chemicals compared to THC and CBD, ten to twenty times lower.
To obtain high levels of CBG, you must harvest the cannabis plant in its earlier stages. This must happen before the formation of the acidic predecessors of THC and CBD by CBGA, therefore to maximize CBG, you must sacrifice CBD and THC.
CBG vs. CBD: The Difference Between
Both CBD and CBG are products of CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid). While these are similar in numerous ways, they are two different cannabinoids.
The similarities between the two are that they share a wide range of medicinal properties and act on the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Both compounds are found in cannabis plants. They are both also non-intoxicating, which means that they will NOT make you high. But, the real question is, what’s the difference between the two?
The main difference between CBD and CBG is that there is a lot of research for CBD, while research on CBG is more limited. We do know, however, that the two interact differently in the body.
CBD has a relatively low amount of affinity for cannabinoid receptors and interacts with the endocannabinoid system on an indirect basis. CBG on the other hand interacts directly with the brain’s CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors. A study conducted suggests that the compound may be useful in treating multiple conditions. According to this 2013 study conducted on mice, the compound may be able to reduce inflammatory bowel disease. Another study in 2014 found that it possibly can reduce growth rates of cancer cells in rats that have colon cancer. Other research has found that the compound is useful in treating glaucoma, Huntington’s disease, and bacterial infections. Despite its therapeutic potential; there is difficulty in producing large quantities of the substance that has caused the slow progression of further research.
A quote from James Rowland, CEO of the Colorado CBG brand Steve’s Goods states that “It takes thousands of pounds of biomass to create small amounts of CBG isolate.”
That is because hemp contains minimal percentages of CBG, where there are hemp strains that contain 20% CBD in the crop that is 1%, which means that it needs to be extracted twenty times the amount of biomass in order to get the same amount out. However, due to the fact that there is limited research on its long-term effects experts recommend caution when using the product until more research is done.
CBG Health Benefits
There are many potential health benefits of CBG! It is laden with a ton of benefits that affect the body that scientists are starting to learn. Most of the studies are limited or are in the early stages of exploration. Here are some of the possible health benefits of it:
- Pain Relief: The hemp plant is known for its pain-relieving potential. According to a study, 97% of people use cannabis for chronic pain. While pain relief is generally connected to THC more, some studies on CBGA and CBG suggest that the two compounds may be helpful when it comes to pain relief and is possibly more effective than CBD and THC.
- Anti-Inflammatory Properties: CBG and CBGA could potentially be useful and helpful with anti-inflammatory properties. According to scientists, there is a possibility that two compounds can benefit people suffering from inflammatory conditions like IBD (inflammatory bowel disease). A close study that looked at the effect CBG has on IBD was performed on mice. After they were injected with colitis, the mice subjects were given CBG which relieved inflammation. This gives us the information that it has the potential to ease inflammation in humans.
- Improve Brain Health: Cannabigerol is known for its potential to act as a neuroprotectant. This means that with its anti-inflammatory properties, brain inflammation has a significant role in neurodegeneration. Studies have shown that CBG can have effects on mice subjects that were exposed to a similar disease to Huntington’s disease. It was also found that the chemical not only eased inflammation, but it served as an active neuroprotectant against brain degeneration.
As you can see, there are many health benefits to CBG that could possibly work! However, there is still more research that needs to be done.
To conclude, there is still plenty of research that needs to be done with CBG. However, with the research that has been done, it is evident that it does in fact have some health benefits. Additionally, it is very similar to CBD in the sense that they both will NOT make you high. Now that we have provided you with more information, you should have a better idea of the products that contain CBG and know how it’s produced, allowing you to be better aware that you are making the best choice for yourself and your health. Your health is very important and using CBG or CBD can help you with your health.
Overall, CBG still has some unknown aspects, but the health benefits already given show that it will be just as popular as CBD and THC. Curious about learning more about CBG, CBD, and more? Just check out NAVA Pouch.